I'm working my way through an excellent book on Uzbekistan in the early Soviet years, Veiled Empire: Gender and Power in Stalinist Central Asia by Douglas Northrop. It focuses on the 10-year Soviet effort to force women in Uzbekistan to unveil (the hujum). Similar moves were taking place throughout the Islamic world at about the same time and it's interesting to compare motives and methods, particularly in Turkey and Afghanistan.
This is unquestionably an important book. Northrop uses Russian and Uzbek sources and thoroughly outlines the hujum and its effects. He explores how the Soviets in part created the conflict in the first place, through using Uzbek women to define the correct way to be Uzbek, to the colonialist attitudes of the Soviets in trying to remake Central Asian society. It is pleasant to read and highly recommended for those interested in Central Asia, Islam, or women in general (the pictures alone are amazing-who can pass up a book with a cover like this?).
It's too bad the only review on Amazon is by the prolific and misguided Seth J. Frantzman. His criticism of Veiled Empire is no different- the Russians were imperialists in Central Asia and if he really thinks Central Asians are "mostly of ethnic Mongolian stock who had recently been converted to Islam" then he needs to go back and reread some of the other books on Central Asia he's reviewed. I don't think I'm the only one annoyed by him. Try searching for his name sometime.