Barber uses archaeological and linguistic evidence to detail a variety of aspects of women's work in ancient times. The types of materials they used, where they got them and how they benefited from them, and why they created what they did are all discussed. Objects like loom weights appearing in new areas show women's (not just men's) migrations. Barber interprets some myths using archaeological and textile information. If you're just going to read one of her books, this is the one to read. Her final paragraph sums up the goal of the book:
We women do not need to conjure a history for ourselves. Facts about women, their work, and their place in society in early times have survived in considerable quantity, if we know how to look for them. Far from being dull and in need of fanciful paint to make it more interesting, this truth is sometimes (as the saying goes) stranger than fiction, a fascinating tale in itself.